Chapter 21 - Europe Reopens Its Eyes


War and Civilization: Gunpowder Revolution

What if Gunpowder Never Existed?

The Ascent of Money - Niall Ferguson (just check out the first half hour) 

Crash Course: 15th Century Mariners

Age of Discovery - Spanish and Portuguese Exploration

Minute History - Age of Exploration - Part 1

Minute History - Age of Exploration - Part 2

Minute History - Vasco de Gama

Vasco de Gama's Voyage of Discovery

Exploring the World: The Portuguese Explorers

Exploring the World: Ferdinand Magellan

Exploring the World: Christopher Columbus and the New World

1492 - Conquest of Paradise - 1992 film starring Gerard DePardieu

Crash Course - The Renaissance - Was it a Thing?

Medici - Godfathers of the Renaissance

Global Population Growth

The Medici - Richer than the Rockefellers, Mightier than the Tudors

Engineering an Empire - DaVinci's World

Leonardo da Vinci - The Man Who Wanted to Know Everything

Raphael - Prince of Painters

Michelangelo - Artist and Man

The Dark Age Renaissance of Northern Europe - BBC

In Search of Shakespeare

Ted Talks - Shakespeare and Hip Hop

Martin Luther - Reluctant Revolutionary

Luther - 2003 Film - Nailing 95 Theses

What if the Reformation Never Happened?

Luther and the Protestant Reformation: Crash Course

The Protestant Reformation